The changes to the constitution, the introduction of religious references, the presentation of President Nkurunziza as “Eternal Guide” and the relocation of the capital to Gitega in the central highlands and the former capital of Burundi’s monarch - raise serious questions about intentions to pave the way for a re-establishment of a monarchy.

Almost all major donors withdrew or redirected their budgetary aid, many development programs were closed and even partners with little or no interest in human rights issues such as China became extremely cautious with their investments.

The main challenges facing Burundi include the fact that the opposition parties are extremely destabilized and divided and that the Peace Agreement of Arusha with its intention of power balance is threatened.

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