As a young democracy, Bhutan’s democratic institutions function well. All three elections have seen alternation of power from the ruling party to another party. In addition, parties have become more attentive and responsive to the electorate’s concerns.

Bhutan’s economy maintained a healthy growth rate of around 7% and launched its 12th five-year plan (2018–2023) with an estimated cost of over BTN 300 billion. However, the continuing trade deficit with India and high youth unemployment remain big challenges.

Democratization is widely supported and the king, as the head of this constitutional monarchy, has remained indefatigable in his support of democratic political arrangements.

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