Despite highly centralized attempts to expand the state’s reach over its entire population, its efforts have continuously been hampered by high-level corruption, ethno-regional rivalries and disparities, low administrative capabilities and a bloated public sector, and the spill over effects of conflict.

The Republic of Congo continues to rely heavily on its oil sector for government revenue, while the majority of the population remains dependent on subsistence agriculture or the informal economy.

Given the well-documented corruption and the power wielded by vested interests, the regime under Sassou Nguesso utilizes very little of its oil revenues for the benefit of other sectors of the economy.

Show country report