Cuba rejects pluripartidism and does not hold competitive, free and fair elections. There are no functioning democratic institutions and civil rights and the rule of law are subordinated to the single party system.

According to official data, the Cuban economy has averaged 1% annual growth over the years 2016-2018 (compared with a 5% to 7% rate economists say is needed to recover fully from the 1990s depression).

In general, the government’s focus has been on control and keeping the regime afloat, rather than on inspiring innovation, economic growth and consensus building.

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