The state as a provider of basic services is nearly non-existent. Although the constitution calls for a decentralized state, the government is highly centralized and local officials have no resources for providing basic services such as sanitation, clean water, health care, good education and housing.

More than 71% of the population live below the poverty line, while approximately 50% live on less than $1.25 per day. Moreover, Haiti has the highest level of income inequality in the Western Hemisphere.

Politics continues to be a zero-sum game in Haiti, which makes political learning difficult. The administration under President Jovenel Moïse is unwilling to listen and consult with experts or to learn from past experiences.

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