In 2014, the constitutional system’s reorganization seemed to be completed, but after Fidesz’s 2018 election victory, checks and balances were further curtailed. The expansion and centralization of government influence over the media also increased. Aditionally, the government turned against academic freedoms and the autonomy of civil society.

The government pays attention to macroeconomic indicators, and the pace of economic growth has increased as a result of this and EU transfers to the country. Fiscal rigor is a fundamental priority for the government, to which it adheres to consistently, having learned from its predecessors’ mistakes. It realizes that economic vulnerability could undermine its support.

Instead of classic state capture where economic interests take over a weak executive, in Hungary a powerful executive cooperates in a non-transparent manner with business circles that it has itself created.

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