Ideological and religious dogmas often prevent the implementation of rational strategic plans. The leadership of Ayatollah Khamenei and the ideological-religious foundation of the Islamic Republic are major constraints to effective governance.

Mismanagement, incompetence and corruption within public administration, combined with the pressure of external sanctions on Iran have left a deep mark on the socioeconomic reality of Iran’s 81 million citizens.

The majority of the Iranian population believes that the government is ridden by religious-ideological dogmas, blatant professional incompetence and rampant corruption. The regime increasingly resorts to state violence to shut down criticism.

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