Multiparty general elections are held, conducted properly and accepted as the means of filling political posts. The last elections took place in 2016, resulting in the return of the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP), with Andrew Holness as prime minister.

On the whole, economic performance has not been robust; however, the trend for critical indicators is currently moving in a positive direction. Yet, the least promising figure is still GDP growth per capita, which has averaged below 1% for decades.

The structural constraints on Jamaica’s governance are fairly low, but they are not negligible. They include significant levels of poverty, underqualification of the labor force and social exclusion along the lines of race, class and gender.

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