After Sall’s re-election in February 2019, he must prove his desire and capability for implementing his reform agenda and demonstrate that he is willing to accept a free civil society and democratic accountability.

High population growth and the long-term effects of the struggle between separatists and the military in the fertile province of Casamance have resulted in a dependency on basic food imports.

Subsidized agricultural products from the European Union make their way to local markets and undercut local products, which makes the development of local value chains difficult. The necessary structural changes require strong political will over the long term and considerable coalition-building skills are necessary to garner national support for reforms with long-term effects.

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