In December 2018, Jean-Pierre Lacroix, the head of U.N. Peacekeeping force, stated that “more progress has been made in the past four months than in the previous four years, as power relations within the country have changed.

The level of socioeconomic development in South Sudan is extremely low and among the lowest in the world. Only an estimated 25% of population have access to primary health care.

Policy coordination is poor. This is partly because of the lack of institutional capacity, economic development and persistent insecurity, particularly since the start of the current civil war.

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