Terrorist attacks have significantly increased. More than 300 people have been killed in attacks, around 500 schools have been closed, resulting in around 60,000 students denied access to education and almost 40,000 people are displaced, several thousand seeking refuge in neighboring Mali.

The institutional framework for market competition remains weak, with significant entry and exit barriers, pervasive corruption, a weak judicial system and a lack of access to financing for small and medium-sized enterprises.

Poverty reduction measures have not been effective, poverty levels remain high, and most social development indicators, e.g. health, education, gender equality are, despite slight improvements, still alarming.

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