The current president, Roch Kaboré, has been re-elected for a second term in the 2020 national elections. Previous core problems, such as policies that are more oriented toward maintaining power and distributing resources within clientelist networks rather than promoting common welfare, persist.

Economic growth has consolidated, and some indicators of human development have slightly improved. Agriculture and mining are the most important economic sectors. Nevertheless, higher, more diversified and sustainable growth is essential to substantially reduce poverty and inequality.

Human security remains a major challenge in light of the massive increase in attacks by armed Islamist groups and criminal assaults. The creation of a transnational anti-terror military operation has not yet succeeded in improving the security situation.

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