The Chilean party system has become increasingly fragmented and polarized in recent years due to low public trust in political parties. In this vein, interest groups with operative capacities to protest have grown, which is reflected in the major protest that started in October 2019.

Despite its income inequality, Chile exhibits significant inclusion in terms of housing, health care and education. In fact, it has a higher life expectancy than the United States, and the lowest infant and maternal mortality rates in the region.

Anti-democratic actors are no longer a serious problem in Chile. With the constitutional reform of 2005, the executive has complete control over the armed forces, however a referendum in 2020 shall decide over a new constitution in light of the 2019 protests.

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