Costa Rica held a successful, transparent national election in 2018. However, since 2012, the country had been showing a downward trend in democratic approval that was consistent with the higher volatility of electoral preferences, lower levels of political participation and high levels of disenchantment with corruption.

Poverty reduction remains stagnant, inequality has increased and the country has not increased its human development score significantly. Hence, Costa Rica is no longer considered to be amongst the most equitable countries in Latin America.

The government was unable to pass reforms it considered essential – and that social sectors demanded – for managing the fiscal crisis faced by the country. Hence, by its own metrics, it was not able to implement its strategic priorities.

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