The country held a successful municipal election, albeit with low levels of voter participation. Trust in, and identification with political elites remain weak. However, the period also saw the reaffirmation of strengths evidenced in high levels of human development and active democratic life, and strong commitments to social protection, education and renewable energy were sustained. Despite high social spending, poverty and inequality levels remain high.

After a series of reforms, Costa Rica became a member of the OECD. This is an important milestone that will contribute favorably to the country’s future economic and political transformation.

The government created tools for fiscal control that will help strengthen public finances and introduced changes that will help combat corruption. Nevertheless, an increasingly complex public administration and many veto players in the political system make change difficult.

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