President Alpha Condé’s plans to seek a third term, which required a constitutional reform, led to protests and numerous clashes. Authorities arrested members of the opposition and civil society organizations. Deaths and abuses connected with those clashes were not investigated.

In the 2020 constitutional referendum and legislative elections, boycotted by the opposition, President Condé emerged victoriously. However, the electoral commissioners denounced massive fraud and called for the election’s partial repetition.

The government increased macroeconomic stability despite rising debt in 2019. The natural resource economy is still booming, and economic diversification is underway. Nevertheless, most Guineans do not benefit from growth and suffer from poor infrastructure in health, electricity, transport and education.

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