De jure, civil rights are guaranteed in India. However, discrimination, sexual violence, domestic violence and so-called dowry deaths remain endemic problems. In general, underprivileged groups de facto do not enjoy equal access to justice.

The upward trend of the Indian economy continued during the review period and among the so-called emerging economies, India is the only nation besides China that displays consistently high growth rates. Yet, India is also the country with the second-largest absolute number of poor worldwide, following only Nigeria.

While India’s often uncompromising position in internationally relevant policy fields can make it a difficult negotiating partner, its consistency on most of these issues have contributed to giving the country a high degree of international credibility.

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