The parliament gained some independence from the executive when it passed a constitutional amendment, barring a prime minister who lost a vote of confidence calling a snap election. This ensures that parliaments will sit for five years rather than the country holding elections roughly every two and a half years, as had been the pattern since 2012. This led to the collapse of Thomas Thabane’s coalition government, with Moeketsi Majoro ascending to power in May 2020.

The government established the multi-stakeholder National Reforms Authority to implement various reforms to strengthen institutions and ensure separation of powers. However, the need to reduce corruption is an urgent task to ensure that resources are channeled to where they are needed most.

The coronavirus crisis has added salt to the wound, with the ailing economy contracting as government revenue declined, while debt increased due to increased public spending to cope with the COVID-19 restrictions. The country was already struggling to feed roughly 30% of its most vulnerable citizens prior to COVID-19.

Show country report