Mexico’s political transformation is currently regressing. Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s (AMLO) consolidation of power in the executive branch, attacks on critics and efforts to diminish accountability institutions have sparked concerns. The government is impeding institutional watchdogs through takeovers and funding reductions, or even attempts to eliminate them entirely. However, AMLO continues to enjoy enduring popularity.

Mexico’s economy has not shown improvement under AMLO’s leadership. Despite macroeconomic stability efforts, his administration’s investment decisions are often politicized, favoring military and national enterprises without public competitions. Between 2019 and 2021, public debt increased by 5% and the budget deficit rose to nearly 4% of GDP in 2022.

While AMLO’s administration promised transformative change, including pledges to combat corruption and reduce military involvement in the drug war, it has not deviated much from the practices of previous presidencies. Corruption remains widespread, social inequalities persist and the military’s role in internal affairs has expanded, raising concerns about civilian authority.

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