The governing coalition, led by the Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS), lost its majority in the 2020 parliamentary elections. The new government, which took office in December 2020, is ideologically heterogeneous and will be tested through cohabitation with the president, the DPS leader Milo Djukanovic, whose term lasts until 2023.

In economic terms, pre-existing problems such as large public debt and fiscal deficits caused by poor economic decisions and borrowing for large-scale investment projects have been further exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. In particular, Montenegro’s tourism industry suffered a severe blow during the pandemic.

The election was preceded by an extended boycott of parliament, an unsuccessful attempt at electoral reform, and a blockade of reforms and institutions. Montenegro experiences extreme political and social polarization. The growth of ethnonationalism increasingly threatens the constitutional concept of a multicultural and civic state. The increase in political conservatism and the influence of the church pose threats to secularism. Further, the country’s health system has been overwhelmed by COVID-19, and vaccination had not yet begun by the end of January 2021.

Show country report