Rwanda continued to enjoy political stability and general security, low levels of corruption with liberal legal frameworks in place. The ruling Rwanda Patriotic Front Party continued to dominate the country with robust authority and tight control over civil society.

The role of the state in the economy has increased. The Rwandan government generally pursues liberal fiscal and market policies. However, a cluster of privileged enterprises under the control of the army and the dominant party have expanded their influence on the market.

The development of industry, foreign direct investment (FDI), and tradable non-state services has remained below expectations. The country has performed well in education, health care and curbing population growth. The pandemic disrupted the flow of goods and services. GDP growth for 2020 is expected to be less than 2%.

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