In 2019, prime minister Marjan Šarec’s government was marked by inexperience and a lack of political support. He resigned due to numerous challenges that his minority government was not able to overcome. The following right-wing coalition led by the Slovenian Democratic Party of Janez Janša was more stable as it commanded a comfortable majority until mid-December 2020.

COVID-19-related restrictions and a long lockdown decreased production and increased unemployment. The government estimates that public debt will increase to 82.4% of GDP in 2020, which is among the highest in the EU and constitutes an extreme increase.

Janša’s right-wing government presided over backslides on democracy and governance, including violations of the rule of law and increasing repression by the state. It adopted seven packages of anti-coronavirus acts that supported different sectors of the economy and various vulnerable groups. The measures were unsystematic and largely seen as populist acts with detrimental effects on the public debt. Thus, the pandemic exposed systemic corruption and the vulnerability of the health system.

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