In terms of state-ness, the government faces significant challenges. The presence of foreign armed forces who exert their political will continues to erode state sovereignty, and clashes between armed pro-regime groups suggest the government is unable to control actors on the ground.

An emergent class of wealthy war profiteers has begun using their economic influence and the influence of funded militias to negotiate for power within state structures. The rise of this new elite emulates economic trends that existed before the war: stark inequalities between rich and poor, a weak distinction between state and business elites, and a closed circle of economic opportunity.

There is neither reconciliation at a societal level nor are there any institutions tasked with transitional justice.

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