The president is now the head of government, chief of the army and appoints the judiciary. Checks and balances, even if they only existed on paper before, were given up. Protest by opposition members, civil society and students was suppressed and social media was cut off.

The already indebted population suffered extremely due to severe cuts in civil servants’ salaries, many could no longer meet their daily needs and local small businesses did not have any customers. Repeated strikes in all public sectors added to the standstill of public life and worsened the already poor state of health and education services.

The government itself is the main anti-democratic veto actor. There are no true reformers within the sphere of political power, as the ruling elite tries to co-opt promising actors.

Show country report