There has been no change in presidential leadership since 1994 and international and local observers have characterized all past elections as fraudulent and lacking basic political competition. The law provides for freedom of assembly, but this right is restricted and frequently denied by the government in practice.

Tajikistan remains the most remittance-dependent country in the world. The business environment continued to be dominated by state-owned utilities and enterprises owned by associates of the regime. Most families outside the privileged elites struggle to subsist and rely on remittances from labor migrants for cash.

Despite occasional small-scale outbreaks of political violence and continuing tensions in the Pamirs, the country’s authoritarian regime remains stable.

Show country report