The severe deterioration of democracy as well as several policy decisions brought the government widespread domestic and international criticism, to which government leaders have strongly objected.

The country’s macroeconomic performance remained quite satisfactory by global comparison and exemplary by sub-Saharan African levels. Despite a GDP growth rate of 6% to 7%, the vast majority of the population nevertheless continue to live in extreme poverty.

Political parties seem to perceive democracy primarily as an instrument for gaining or maintaining political power, rather than as a value in itself.

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