The internationally recognized government of President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi lost control over most of the country years ago. A plethora of political groups, militant Islamist organizations and militias have taken over, and the fragmentation of the state apparatus progresses.

Political violence, malnutrition and diseases like malaria, cholera and dengue fever plague the Yemeni population. GDP growth has been negative, inflation high and poverty rampant. 80% of the population people need humanitarian assistance. Millions have been displaced, lack access to clean water or health and education facilities.

Governance in Yemen mostly relies on commitments between individuals and on agreements between social and political actors rather than governments. While Hadi, Ansar Allah (supported by Iran) and the Southern Transition Council (allied with the Saudi-led coalition) are playing the blame game, the civil war rages on.

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