The reforms initiated by President Patrice Talon have plunged the country into an unprecedented political crisis. The reform of the party system and the new electoral code limited the participation of several parties in the 2019 legislative elections, which led to deadly electoral violence, marking a break with democratic stability and social peace.

Economically, Benin has experienced sustained GDP growth in the last few years. In 2020, the World Bank ranked the country for the first time as a lower middle-income country. However, the rate of extreme poverty has not declined.

Benin has shown great resilience in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic. The government did not opt for a lockdown, arguing that the country did not have the means to endure the consequences of the cessation of economic activities.

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