Freedom of assembly and association is constitutionally guaranteed and not restricted in principle. Nevertheless, the disproportionate use of repression and police violence against demonstrations, as well as the intimidation of the opposition, still appears to be a key characteristic of public contestation.

Bolivia is still characterized by multiple structural and social inequalities which are poorly addressed. Furthermore, high taxes and the absence of an independent regulatory agency discouraged foreign investment and lead to an economic stagnation.

The Morales government was more concerned with the substance than with the form of democratic decision-making or with the rule of law and it clearly prioritized vertical over horizontal accountability.

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