During the first half of President Jair Bolsonaro’s term, the Supreme Court and Congress had to prevent some of his worst political plans. He refused to form a governing coalition and focused on the powerful blocs in parliament when selecting his cabinet ministers. However, in the November 2020 local elections, the established center-right parties received more votes.

The Brazilian economy continued its moderate upward trend in the first year in office of the Bolsonaro government. However, in 2020 it was severely affected by the global recession due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Brazilian GDP is expected to have contracted between 4% and 5% in 2020.

In 2019, Bolsonaro passed the long-debated pension reform. Budget cuts weakened environmental protection, and Bolsonaro did not keep his promise to end corruption. He downplayed the COVID-19 pandemic, and the government did not take adequate measures to address the pandemic at the national level.

Show country report