The formation of a coalition government after the parliamentary elections took nine months due to fraud allegations against the prime minister. A new investigation into conflicts of interest with respect to media ownership and EU subsidies initiated by the European Commission in January 2019 further imperils Babiš and his political survival remains contingent on his control of ANO and his political alliance with President Zeman.

Policy-wise, the governing coalition is a continuation of the previous Social Democrat-dominated Sobotka government. It is focused on lowering the fiscal deficit, raising public sector salaries, increasing pensions and accelerating the use of EU funds. The economy has continued to grow, and unemployment is at a historical low, far below the level of job vacancies.

The structural constraints on governance are very low and socioeconomic conditions in the Czech Republic improved in the period under study. The strength of Czech civil society counterbalances the rise of the radical right by strong pro-Western attitudes, and to a large degree mitigate the weaknesses of political party competencies and intraparty democracy.

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