Despite heated and volatile campaigns, the 2020 presidential and parliamentary elections were relatively peaceful. The New Patriotic Party government retained its power. Local and international observers declared the elections free and fair.

The economy seems to be diversifying. It enjoyed growth from donor support and Ghanaians in the diaspora, as well as oil, mining, agriculture, and tourism revenue, among various sectors. After a slump in 2020 because of the coronavirus, the economy is projected to accelerate again. Corruption and mismanagement have plagued economic performance for several decades and continues to hinder development.

Inequality continues to be a major challenge in Ghana. Cleavage-based conflicts are generally prevented from escalating, but additional policies targeting poor communities are urgently required to avoid lasting damage to the fabric and stability of Ghanaian society.

Show country report