Overview Guinea-Bissau

Show region West and Central Africa

The ongoing constitutional crisis led to political instability in the formation of a new government following the legislative elections of March 2019. After highly contested presidential elections eventually took place in November and December 2019, former Prime Minister Umaró Sissoco Embaló declared himself president. Following Embaló’s self-inauguration, the army invaded the Prime Minister’s Office and occupied other state institutions.

The economy remains poorly diversified and marked by multilevel corruption and narco-trafficking. The imposed COVID-19-related lockdown lowered consumption and domestic investment. Trade was disrupted, while the export and prices of cash crops were also affected, resulting in negative economic growth rates for 2020.

Political instability due to the long political stalemate prevented necessary reforms. The quality of government services – particularly education, health care, and security – remains low. Human rights violations committed by security forces have intensified, and political pressure has been exerted on the media and politicians.

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