President Jovenel Moïse curtailed people’s civil and political rights and initiated policies without parliamentary approval. Instead of promoting democratic values, he chose to support gang leaders who control important parts of the capital and many other cities in the provinces. After the BTI assessment period, Moïse was assassinated on July 7, 2021.

The political crisis, the impunity, and the demise of key state institutions have been major factors in the country’s worst economic performance in years. Haiti’s economic conditions continued to deteriorate with a shrinking GDP, a widening budget deficit, and high inflation, a situation that was exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic.

The interim government of Prime Minister Ariel Henry and the new government to be elected in 2022 face major challenges in an extremely tense political and economic environment. 4.4 million Haitians will need humanitarian assistance in 2021, a sharp increase of about 80% from the already devastating pre-pandemic conditions. The government must promote economic reforms to restore confidence in the private sector and with international partners.

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