Despite a challenging environment, democracy did not suffer a setback, and civil liberties were preserved. Disappointment with the government led the government and allied parties to lose most Senate positions to the opposition in the mid-term Senate elections held in December 2020.

As for governance, state capacities to address the country’s challenges and enhance public service quality did not discernibly improve. Yet, a new civil service salary law lays the groundwork for greater meritocracy and is a milestone in modernizing the public administration.

Liberia remained among the 10 poorest countries on earth. In the medium run, Liberia and the international community face a choice between expanding the mineral resource and agricultural sectors and preserving one of the largest forest areas on the continent. Liberia’s ecology is fragile, and globally important biodiversity and carbon sink resources are at risk of being lost.

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