The political situation in Nicaragua has only worsened since the April 2018 crisis, when large demonstrations led to significant political violence. Daniel Ortega’s government has continued to rule the country with a heavy hand, intimidating and prosecuting opponents. Ortega was re-elected in the November 2021 elections, which the OAS labeled as “not free, fair or transparent”.

Nicaragua is in the midst of an aggravated economic crisis that began in 2018 in the wake of the political crisis and only worsened with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. This has produced a major economic recession and an increase in poverty and extreme poverty.

Ortega’s government downplayed the health crisis and adopted only a minimum of measures. Seeking to address the pandemic and the recession, the government strongly increased the country’s external debt and drew on international aid, but without resolving major problems such as the increase in unemployment.

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