Following the 2018-2019 revolution, a power-sharing deal was reached between the military and civilians that brought a transitional government to power in September 2019. Intended to last for no more than three years, its main agenda was to lead the country toward democratic transformation through elections to be held at the end of the transition period.

Significant improvements in freedoms, human rights and a decline in state violence were achieved. However, civil society still lacks the power to influence decision-making, and political decisions remain far from being an outcome of legitimate procedures.

Sudan’s economy faces serious structural and institutional deficiencies. The paramilitary Rapid Support Forces, formerly a militia accused of several war crimes, now runs a parallel economy by controlling Sudan’s gold industry and export sector. In general, the Sudanese market is characterized by the absence of economic policies, general price chaos, and weak foreign investment.

The transitional government must work to grant freedoms and ensure that policymaking includes the entire population. To achieve this end, economic reform is a key factor, including anti-corruption measures and the removal of parallel economy enablers.

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