Controversial constitutional and institutional reforms voted in May 2019 in parliament re-introduced a presidential two-term limit. However, the term limit does not apply retroactively, permitting President Faure Gnassingbé to stand for another two terms. After the ruling party had won the first local elections in more than 30 years in June 2019, the incumbent also won the disputed presidential elections in February 2020 and consolidated his power.

The economy dropped into recession in 2020 due to the worldwide negative economic effects of the COVID-19 crisis. Repercussions were felt on the domestic labor market and social security, particularly for the poor working in the informal sector. The government tried to counteract this by continuing public investment in infrastructure and increases in agricultural productivity.

The government’s response to the COVID-19 crisis was largely viewed as satisfactory. However, democratic and institutional reforms implemented over the recent years are not sufficient to gain the confidence of the majority of the people. The government should transparently pursue national reconciliation, democratization and inclusive economic development.

Show country report