The 2021 parliamentary and presidential elections, which saw President Museveni emerge victoriously, were marred by irregularities and unfair treatment of the opposition. The institutions of the state, security and the ruling party have become so intertwined that the separation of powers is de facto suspended. Most Ugandans have lost faith in elections and no longer believe a peaceful democratic transfer of power is possible. Mistrust of the government is at an all-time high.

A bloated administration, corruption and inconsistent policy implementation weaken Uganda’s otherwise favorable economic growth prospects. Government programs for social assistance were inadequate and reached only a small portion of the vulnerable population.

Uganda is still widely considered to be an anchor of stability in the region. However, its international reputation has been tarnished by numerous reports of corruption and patronage and a growing disrespect for democratic principles and civil rights.

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