The political landscape has become more and more polarized, while trust in electoral processes has declined. Most Ugandans have lost faith in elections and no longer believe that a peaceful democratic transfer of power is possible.

Despite improvements, poverty levels in the country remain high. According to the National Household Survey Report in 2018, the proportion of people living below the national poverty line has increased from 19.7% (2013) to 21.4% in 2017.

The logic of incorporation and co-optation of interests and political groups, buying support and rewarding loyalty with handouts and positions, is deeply entrenched in the leadership approach of Museveni.

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