The highly centralized administration’s exclusive decision-making makes it unresponsive to regional and local needs. None of the structures of the state’s administration are controlled by parliament, violating the constitution. Freedom of expression and access to public information are under permanent threat.

Venezuela’s socioeconomic decline in recent years is without precedent, a miracle in reverse. Market-based competition does not exist, annual inflation in 2018 hit 1,370,000% (IMF estimate) and the fiscal deficit was 30% (IMF). The economic decline is without precedent, setting new standards in economic decline.

The regime’s overall priority is staying in power whatever it takes and its elites have effectively suspended democracy and ignored procedures established in the constitution.

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