Controversial elections held in 2019 and 2020 further entrenched the rule of President Paul Biya. The autocratic nature of Cameroon continues to prevent political and economic change. While there are islands of reform, the autocratic nature of Biya’s administration largely precludes real transformation.

The political discourse is dominated by the Anglophone crisis, which continues to significantly impact the integrity of the state, social integration and socioeconomic development. Despite seriously weakening secessionist militias, the conflict in English-speaking regions remains unresolved.

Cameroon maintained positive economic growth and moderate macroeconomic conditions. However, public corruption and state intervention in the economy remain the key impediments to broader economic growth.

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