In early 2019, the Democratic Republic of the Congo experienced its first peaceful transfer of power between an outgoing and an incoming president despite contested election results. The new president, Félix Tshisekedi, was unable to rely on a majority in the National Assembly and built a coalition between his political platform and that of former President Joseph Kabila, which led to tensions and problems in building a government. In December 2020, Tshisekedi was eventually able to present a new coalition.

The economy fell into recession in 2020, most of which can be attributed to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Closed borders have led to increasing prices, and the inflation rate rose from 4.7% in 2019 to 16.3% in 2020.

President Tshisekedi announced a 100-days emergency program at the beginning of his term, prioritizing infrastructural measures. The budget, however, was not successfully implemented, which led to embezzlement charges against Tshisekedi’s chief of staff. After initial difficulties, the government succeeded in implementing several projects to fight the spread of the coronavirus.

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