Far from having an effective monopoly on the use of force, major efforts were made to diminish the power of guerrillas, paramilitary groups and other illegal armed actors. Yet, illegal armed actors, gangs and clans seek to benefit from the power vacuum left behind by the FARC.

Colombia is the second most unequal country in Latin America. Yet, poverty rates are falling and inequality gradually decreases, which is however an overall trend in Latin America.

The country’s political leadership has been unable to depolarize structural conflicts, particularly in terms of drug-trafficking and political violence. However, considerable progress has been made in fighting corruption, another rampant issue in the country.

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