While the 2016 peace agreement ended the war, violence has not ceased, and there has been a reconfiguration of non-state armed actors. Human rights advocates, grassroots leaders, and former FARC combatants are the main target of the new wave of violence. The Duque administration’s efforts to alter the cornerstones of the peace deal and the president’s lack of commitment have hampered progress in its implementation.

Increasing citizen discontent has been manifested through massive protests. The violent response of the government to heightened social mobilization has highlighted the persistence of police brutality and the lack of guarantees over the right to protest. In the 2019 local elections, progressive candidates and centrist and left-wing political parties were more successful than the right-wing and government party, Centro Democrático.

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Colombian economy contracted. Unemployment, poverty rates, and the country’s debt increased. The pandemic exacerbated long-standing macroeconomic problems. The Colombian government undertook several measures to mitigate the socioeconomic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, including strengthening health care infrastructure and expanding social assistance programs.

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