Honduras has continued its authoritarian trajectory. The government of President Juan Orlando Hernández has used every means available to it to silence the opposition, be it inside or outside Congress. This has included disabling all mechanisms of accountability and control.

In 2019, the economy grew by 2.7%, and the percentage of people living in poverty declined slightly. The government used Honduras’s relatively strong economic performance to cover its increasingly authoritarian tendencies. However, the COVID-19 pandemic and the November 2020 floods have significantly hampered the economy.

In January 2020, the president announced the dismantling of the Mission to Support the Fight against Corruption and Impunity in Honduras (MACCIH) after uncovering several large-scale corruption schemes. The pandemic exposed glaring state deficiencies. However, after the BTI assessment period, the victory of opposition candidate Xiomara Castro in the presidential elections of November 2021 opens a window of opportunity for democratization and more accountability.

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