Overview Indonesia

Show region Asia and Oceania

Formally, the institutions of democracy remain in place and elections continue to be competitive. Nominal support for democracy as a general concept also remains high among the elite and wider population, yet freedom of expression is mostly available for citizens holding mainstream religiopolitical views.

Indonesia’s market economy remained torn between two conflicting economic principles. On the one hand, the significant protectionist streak continued, especially as the 2019 elections neared. On the other hand, policymakers remained committed to free trade, especially as the increased protectionism of the U.S. Trump administration turned against Indonesia.

The government has shown some capacity to sustain long-term projects that it views as important, but has quickly given in to electoral and other pressures when an issue was not of relevance to its political strategy.

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