Anti-corruption policy remains the most important theme in Romanian politics. The attempts by the new government to decriminalize corruption offenses triggered a large-scale conflict between the branches of executive power (the cabinet and the president), as well as between the ruling coalition and civil society, with regular protests organized in support for the rule of law.

GDP growth was robust (6.9% in 2017) and unemployment remained low (below 4%). However, an increasing budget deficit toward the end of 2018, a spike in inflation and a sudden devaluation of the national currency are straining the system.

The escalating battle over graft and corruption has drained energy away from the act of governing, and as a result policy development and implementation has taken a backseat, even more than in previous periods.

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