Rising political tensions, as well as military confrontations between the federal member states (FMS) and the federal government of Somalia, stalled the constitutional review process. The status of the FMS and especially the modus of power and resource sharing between the federal and central institutions are yet to be determined.

While the Somali economy had begun to pick up again after the end of the severe drought in 2016, the global disruption of supply chains and the closure of borders and airports in the context of the health pandemic have slowed Somalia’s economic recovery.

Conflicts between the central and federal leadership, as well as severe flooding, desert locust infestations and the COVID-19 pandemic, have slowed down necessary reforms. In the context of the African Union Mission to Somalia’s plan to withdraw troops, the government needs to speed-up security sector reform and establish a nationwide security architecture.

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