Eswatini is the last absolute monarchy in Africa. King Mswati III and his mother exercise veto powers over the three branches of government and are positioned above the constitution. The role of political parties is unclear. They are not allowed to compete in elections.

Severe human rights violations are common, and impunity is widespread. There is no mechanism civil society can use to force the government to amend the political system and to give it more space to participate. Few changes at any level are on the horizon.

Most of the population experiences little economic development and lives in poverty. The government pretends to be committed to the market economy, but in reality, the royal family is taking over more and more of the economy for their personal benefit.

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